seats_fed() downloads and aggregates data on the number of seats under dispute in federal elections in Brazil. The function returns a tbl, data.frame where each observation corresponds to a district-office dyad.

seats_fed(year, uf = "all", br_archive = FALSE, ascii = FALSE,
  encoding = "latin1", export = FALSE)



Election year. For this function, only the years of 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012 and 2016 are available.


Federation Unit acronym (character vector).


In the TSE's data repository, some results can be obtained for the whole country by loading a single within a single file by setting this argument to TRUE (may not work in for some elections and, in other, it recoverns only electoral data for presidential elections, absent in other files).


(logical). Should the text be transformed from Latin-1 to ASCII format?


Data original encoding (defaults to 'Latin-1'). This can be changed to avoid errors when ascii = TRUE.


(logical). Should the downloaded data be saved in .dta and .sav in the current directory?


seats_fed() returns a data.frame with the following variables:

  • DATA_GERACAO: Generation date of the file (when the data was collected).

  • HORA_GERACAO: Generation time of the file (when the data was collected), Brasilia Time.

  • ANO_ELEICAO: Election year.

  • DESCRICAO_ELEICAO: Description of the election.

  • SIGLA_UF: Units of the Federation's acronym in which occurred the election.

  • SIGLA_UE: Units of the Federation's acronym (In case of major election is the FU's acronym in which the candidate runs for (text) and in case of municipal election is the municipal's Supreme Electoral Court code (number)). Assume the special values BR, ZZ and VT to designate, respectively, Brazil, Overseas and Absentee Ballot.

  • NOME_UE: Description of the Electoral Unit.

  • CODIGO_CARGO: Code of the position that the candidate runs for.

  • DESCRICAO_CARGO: Description of the position that the candidate runs for.

  • QTDE_VAGAS: number of seats under dispute.


If export is set to TRUE, the downloaded data is saved as .dta and .sav files in the current directory.


For the elections prior to 2000, some information can be incomplete.

See also

seats_local for local elections in Brazil.


df <- seats_fed(2000)
# }